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This page shows how to write and read a Container termination message.

Termination messages provide a way for containers to write information about fatal events to a location where it can be easily retrieved and surfaced by tools like dashboards and monitoring software. In most cases, information that you put in a termination message should also be written to the general Kubernetes logs.

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Writing and reading a termination message

In this exercise, you create a Pod that runs one container. The configuration file specifies a command that runs when the container starts.

{% include code.html language="yaml" file="termination.yaml" ghlink="/docs/tasks/debug-application-cluster/termination.yaml" %}

  1. Create a Pod based on the YAML configuration file:

    kubectl create -f http://k8s.io/docs/tasks/debug-application-cluster/termination.yaml

    In the YAML file, in the cmd and args fields, you can see that the container sleeps for 10 seconds and then writes "Sleep expired" to the /dev/termination-log file. After the container writes the "Sleep expired" message, it terminates.

  2. Display information about the Pod:

    kubectl get pod termination-demo

    Repeat the preceding command until the Pod is no longer running.

  3. Display detailed information about the Pod:

    kubectl get pod --output=yaml

    The output includes the "Sleep expired" message:

    apiVersion: v1
    kind: Pod
            containerID: ...
            exitCode: 0
            finishedAt: ...
            message: |
              Sleep expired
  4. Use a Go template to filter the output so that it includes only the termination message:

{% raw %}    kubectl get pod termination-demo -o go-template="{{range .status.containerStatuses}}{{.lastState.terminated.message}}{{end}}"{% endraw %}

Setting the termination log file

By default Kubernetes retrieves termination messages from /dev/termination-log. To change this to a different file, specify a terminationMessagePath field for your Container.

For example, suppose your Container writes termination messages to /tmp/my-log, and you want Kubernetes to retrieve those messages. Set terminationMessagePath as shown here:

apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
  name: msg-path-demo
  - name: msg-path-demo-container
    image: debian
    terminationMessagePath: "/tmp/my-log"

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